Lessons Learned From Canola

Lessons Learned From Canola

By Wendell Owens

Canola was a product bred at the University of Manitoba. It was originally call rapeseed but the name was changed to Canola coming from “CAN” for Canada and “OLA” for oil. While a patent was issued for the gene trait, a patent was not issued for the process of making Canola. Consequently, it can be raised from Australia to the United States without paying Canada any rights to produce. A similar process happened in Australia when the name Kiwi was given to Chinese gooseberries. No protection was sought for use of the term, Kiwi.

Foliar Spray Use

Canola should be seeded after the last frost. Canola comes out of the ground and forms a rosette. When the rosette it formed, the Canola can be sprayed with a foliar spray. An SXT foliar spray would be a smart choice. When it gets close to seeding, foliar spraying Bloomit is another wise choice. You can spray Bloomit on the plant several times, so you keep it blooming and it doesn’t abort the pods. You don’t want to plump the kernels, so you want to avoid products that bulk. Canola is a two-stage plant: growing and seed production, so you don’t want to bulk the kernels. Instead, you want to produce more kernels. Bloomit facilitates pod formation.

Ammonium Sulfate

As with all crops, the fertility program will change according to the soil test, but one thing doesn’t change. You should always put Ammonium Sulfate on Canola. Ammonium Sulfate is not the same as elemental sulfur; avoid elemental sulfur on all Canola fields. Elemental sulfur is used to lower pH and it doesn’t work well for canola. With elemental sulfur, the nutrients do not become available for 90 days and canola is all over within 90 days.

MAP (11-52-0)

But this one tip you need to know in Canola production: ALWAYS put MAP (11-52-0) on after you have raised Canola. Canola is a good scavenger when it comes to phosphorous, because it uses phosphorus heavily. The phosphorus must be replaced.

Dr. Reams Rule

Remember Dr. Reams rule – All nutrients go into a plant in phosphate form except nitrogen.

If you have any questions about your crops, please feel free to contact me. 

Looking At All The Variables

looking at all the variablesIn my area of the country corn and soybean harvest is progressing very rapidly. Yields are all over the board with corn running anywhere from 23 to 200 bushels per acre having essentially rainfall.

I know of four different fields of corn nearby that were alfalfa last year and corn did not even make 30 bushel. Yet corn on bean ground in the same area has had highs of 160 to 200 bushels per acre. Normally the alfalfa sod ground would have the better yields. This year however, sub soil moisture was greatly reduced because of the alfalfa roots.

An example of this is a local dairy firmer who for several years has been getting 170 bushels on his alfalfa sod. This year it yielded only 23 bushels, while his other ground yielded 100 to 120 bushels.

Nitrogen - The Key Element

nitrogen - the key elementNitrogen is one of the most critical elements we need to manage very carefully in modern crop production. In Dr. Reams tapes on crop production he emphasizes the importance of nitrogen, and the roll of nitrogen in the formation of a cell.

Dr. Reams states that the base element of all biological cells start with nitrogen. If nitrogen is not available when a new cell is to be formed in a plant, the cell will not form and growth ceases. He also notes that nitrogen is the electromagnetic charged element that draws the other elements to it in order to start the formation of a new cell based on the genetic code in the DNA. Dr. Reams states that all cells, regardless of species or kind, require nitrogen for the budding of a new cell. This is why it is so important to maintain a constant, steady supply of nitrogen throughout the whole growing season.

Reams Rules

Reams Rules

Hi Folks,

This is Wendell Owens bringing this newsletter to you.

I haven’t written a newsletter for awhile so I need to get at it again. As you may or may not know I have been involved with International Ag Labs (IAL) for a long time. I started at IAL July 10, 1986. IAL was started by Doctor Dan Skow in 1976 as Skow Enterprises and when we incorporated, it became known as International Ag labs. We served international clients for awhile and then 9/11/01 happened and it became harder to get soil into the country. I have been farming since 1954 and still am farming with the help of my son-in-law and grandson.

Dr. Carey was Dr. Skow’s mentor and he wrote a few rules. I thought I would remind you of them, as following the rules brings best results. Believe me, they work well, so pay attention to them. When we give recommendations for soil tests, these are the rules we follow.

Residue Decomposition

residue-decomposition-newsletterInside This Issue

  • Residue Decomposition ...A Foundation for Success
  • Principles For Crop Residue Management Success
  • How Healthy Is Your Soil?





Taking A Good Look At Your Corn

Take A Good Look At Your Corn

It's time to be making preparations for fall fertilization programs, but before you begin it is a good idea to take a good look at your current crop.

Corn Production and Common Problems

This month we will focus on corn production and some of the common problems I have seen in my travels this summer.

It is never easy to assimilate all of the things you need to know to put a fertility program together for a successful crop. From what I have seen on my travels so far, many of you need to practice " see what you look at "--a famous quote of Dr. Reams. I am amazed at how so many farmers across this nation have lost their sensitivity to the things of nature. I think so many of you are so wrapped up with government programs, chemical selection and financial planning that you have lost your ability to really farm. The corn many of you raise is a long ways from what it should be even though you may have good yields. The kernels are shriveled, low in mineral content, and often mold easily.

The Concepts Of Energy And How It Affects Crop Growth

anions and cations - units of energyUnits of energy - anions and cations

It has been some time since we have had a newsletter on the concepts of energy and how energy affects crop growth. I have been reviewing Dr. Reams old notes and cassette tapes concerning energy principles, and felt this would be a good time to review them with you also.

First we must all understand that ultimately all energy originates from the sun. The sun, which is some 93 million miles from the earth, bombards the earth with very small, negatively charged particles of energy. These particles can travel through walls and buildings. Dr. Reams called these charged particles anions and defined a single anion as the smallest known particle of energy. He further stated that anions spin or rotate in a clockwise direction. The light you see when you burn something is anions being liberated from the mass. Mass is made up of atoms, and according to Dr. Reams concept of energy and plant growth, atoms are made up of anions and cations.

The High Cost Of Nitrogen

high cost of nitrogen

Nitrogen is probably the most important plant nutrient used by commercial farming operations today. The cost of producing nitrogen to society and your farming operation is very high. It takes approximately 33,000 BTU's of natural gas to produce a ton of commercial nitrogen. The result is an incredible waste of natural resources that could be used to heat the homes of future generations.

It was reported by practical farmers from Iowa that many corn plots across the state yielded more corn with 30-40 pounds of added nitrogen than fields having 150 pounds. I wonder how often this has happened on your farm without you knowing it. This could be a savings of $7-18 per acre on many farms.

The Nutritional Needs of Carrots

The Nutritional Needs of Carrots

By Wendell Owens

I remember my Mom running her garden tool through the garden. It had a blade on it, and it would cut off the roots of the weeds. It was very handy, but you could only run it in the rows and not between the plants. That’s where I came in; I was the weeder between the plants.

Carrots were the worst. When the two blades of the carrots poked through the ground, that was when they needed to be weeded. It was hard to tell the difference between the carrots and the grass. I didn’t like that job. I still have that gardening tool of my mother’s just to remind me of my Mom and her gardening days. We had one acre of garden and we lived off the farm.

Nutritional Supports for Carrots

While the nutritional requirements of most plants change from the beginning to end of their life cycle, nutritional supports for carrots should be kept in the seed producing mode all throughout their life cycle. Usually produce goes from growth-producing to seed-producing and back to growth-producing, which bulks the produce.

But carrots are the only plants that should remain in the seed producing mode for their lifetime. This means that you would not use products like Amaze, which is a bulker, but you would use trace mineral products to fertilize carrots such as WayAhead 7X. You can read more about WayAhead 7X on our website, or simply give me a call at 507-235-6909 if you have any questions.

At one time I raised carrots for the local canning company. I had 45 acres of carrots, and, of course, I sprayed them with herbicide as directed by the local canning company. The local canning company didn’t want any weeds to interfere with the harvesting equipment. It took me thirty days just to harvest the carrots. It was a very slow process requiring several passes through the field to cut the tops, dig the carrots, and clean the carrots. Needless to say, I only raised them one year.

This World of Ours

this world of oursFall is a good time to carefully watch your crop mature, study your moisture reserves, crop health, shape, size, thickness of stalks and leaves. One of the important points is watching the way a crop dries down. Corn and soybeans should have the ears and pods dry before the stalk and leaves dry down. If the stalk and leaves dry down first the grain cannot dry out properly. You end up with grain that doesn't keep. Sometimes the plant and grain doesn't dry at all. This is generally due to excessive nitrogen and not enough calcium, phosphorous, potassium and magnesium.

Lack of available phosphate to plants

One of the biggest problems I see in crop production today is lack of available phosphate to plants. Phosphate is the key to unlock the path to true crop quality. Dr. Reams taught that all plant food should go into the plant in colloidal phosphate form in order to have nutritious strong healthy plants. This means we need phosphate that becomes available to the plant worked upon by the soil micro-biological system. It's true that a lot of elements can enter the plant and cell in non-phosphate form, but you end up with plants that are subject to insect damage and disease .

Wendell Owens

of International Ag Labs

Wendell Owen

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